The planning of underground infrastructure of big cities

Project “Toolkit for planning underground infrastructure of large cities to ensure the minimization of environmental and man-made risks of urban space based on a systematic methodology”, scientific overseer - Corresponding member of NASU, Deputy Director for Research of IASA N.D. Pankratova.

Sustainable urban trends make it a priority for the security of man and society to minimize environmental and man-made risks in the reality of fast-growing metropolis. The average level of urbanization reaches 82% in the United States and 73% in European countries (in Ukraine - more than 70%), and, it worse mentioning that the security and health of the urban population is largely determined by man-made and environmental safety of urban space. One of the leading trends in reducing man-made threats and the consequences of emergencies is the creation of a developed underground infrastructure of large cities. The traditional development of urban underground space is associated with a widespread trend of construction of individual underground structures as local objects. The concept of sustainable development changes the scale of engineering projects and provides for the creation of a systematic methodology for the development of underground infrastructure as one of the effective ways to make the city more ecological.

The project suggests the development of planning tools for rational underground urban space on the basis of a systematic methodology, which, taking into account engineering-geological, man-made and structural-functional factors of the urban environment, minimizes its environmental and man-made risks. The research methodology is based on the use of prediction methodology using methods of morphological analysis and analysis of hierarchies, fractal analysis, cognitive modelling, as well as methods of spatial planning and engineering geology.

The obtained scientific and practical results will form the methodological basis for the planning of underground space as a factor of safe sustainable development of large cities. For the first time, will be created a toolkit that formalizes and accompanies the planning of underground space on the basis of a systematic methodology of a multidisciplinary nature, the purpose of which is the security of man and society in a large city. This will give investors and city administrations an effective tool for risk and investment management, promote the development of multifunctional underground infrastructure, safety and comfort of metropolitan residents.

The executors of the project are a group of experienced and young scientists of IASA and the Department of Geoengineering of IEE, who have been fruitfully cooperating for several years on the problem of Kyiv urban space planning:  Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor G.I.Haiko, Doctor of Technical Sciences, docent H.I.Nedashkivska, Candidate of Technical Sciences I.O.Savchenko, Candidate of Technical Sciences O.G. Malyshevskii,  V.V. Savastianov and others.  This team leaded by its head - professor N.D. Pankratova, has repeatedly won various competitions, including NATO's Science for Peace and Security project. We wish the team of scientists further success.

According to IASA.