1970-1975 [1]: The development of university research and strengthening links with industry

An intensive construction was continuing in KPI. In 1970 Department of Radio Electronics celebrated the housewarming in the new laboratory building. The construction of the building of the Faculty of Mining Electromechanics was continuing, work began on the construction of the building heat and power department. The institute's scientific and technical library consisted on July 1, 1970 over 1,500,000 books in all branches. There were 24135 readers.

In 1970 there were in KPI 1632 regular teachers, more than 2 thousand specialists in manufacturing and research institutes, who worked on an hourly basis. They led the course and degree designing, manufacturing practice students. The Institute had 113 departments, all forms of education covered 31,206 students, of which there were 16119 stationary, in the evening education - 6490, correspondence and general engineering - 8106 (together with branches); on the departments of the institute there were 522 graduate students, 196 of them - on the job; there were also 490 students from 37 countries.

The university science was developing, there strengthen ties with industry . There were expanded research in the field of gas dynamics and heat transfer technology of basic organic and inorganic synthesis, developed the theoretical foundations of electrical engineering school, work continued on the development of new methods of radio, television and radar. It has been a fruitful scientific activity of problematic laboratory heat transfer and gas dynamics, dielectrics and semiconductors, acid corrosion inhibitors, compensating converters, hydroacoustic and radio receivers, chemical engineering, synthetic fiber-forming polymers, and others. Creative links with universities abroad were fostered. During the 1966-1970 there were trained about 16,000 young professionals for the country's economy is almost one third of the total number of engineers produced during the existence of the university.

In 1971, prof. GI Denisenko was appointed rector of KPI. He previously headed the Lviv Polytechnic Institute. During the '70s - the first half of the 80s he made a significant contribution to the development of the university, especially its material and technical base.

In the first half of the '70s provides it was carried out training in 58 specialties. It was opened Special Faculty of automated control systems (1972) and welding Faculty (1975). In 1975 Faculty of Automation and electrical instrument was divided into two: the control systems and electrical instrument and computer engineering. Then on the evening classes there were created departments electrical radio automatics and Mechanics. Some of the departments have been renamed: Mechanics and Technology - in Mechanical Engineering (1974), Physics and Technology - in Engineering Physics (1975).

Improving the structure of the KPI has been spread on its branches. In 1971-72 Vinnytsia branch separated into a separate institution. Since then, the KPI was introduced with its basic institution with a branches in Chernihiv and Zhytomyr WTF, which in 1975 was also transformed into a branch of the KPI. Due to changes on January 1, 1976 there were 25 faculties at the Institute and its affiliates, including in Kiev - 18.

The process was characterized by a clear differentiation of specialties within a single engineering qualification, led to the dispersal of the teaching staff, education had a population of chairs, reading small in size (50-60 hours) course. Hence the irrational use of educational space, which has a negative effect on the laboratory facilities and equipment.

According to the requirements of scientific and technological progress there were created new departments and opened new specialties. So, in 1971 it was founded the department of hydro pneumatic automation and hydraulic drive, it was first opened the specialty - electrical insulation and cable equipment. In 1973 it was founded the Department of Applied Mathematics, as well as specialty - the physico-chemical studies of metallurgical processes and the design and production of electronic computing equipment. In 1974 there were established the Department of Cybernetics of chemical-engineering processes and theoretical electronics. In 1975 it was founded the department of physics of metals and electrical instrument; 9 departments were reorganized. So, at the end of 1975, there were 105 departments, of which eighty-second basic institutions that train specialists in 56 specialties.

In the early '70s as an experiment it was approved the concept of training in this six core areas: social' political training, instilling students the skills of the future head of the group; training in the field of economics, management and organization of production; raise interest in creative independent research work; design and engineering training and mastery of the basics of the profession designers, constructors; technologically operational training and development of specialty workers [5, p. 4]. The disciplines were grouped around these areas, which, according to the plan, should have become a kind of center to develop the necessary professional skills of future engineers. Relevant areas and departments are assigned to individual pro-rector. On the faculties there were created sections, and in the departments - the groups managed by the Vice Deans in this area, and in the departments - deputy head of the department.

In fact, this control system has justified itself only partially. Its main drawback was that a single process functioning university artificially separated, and "docking" parts of organizational and methodical is not guaranteed. In addition, this control system was introduced in the form of an order, without prior discussion in the departments and divisions. This explains the rejection of a part of the collective, formal attitude to it, and as a consequence - low productivity. This practice is reflected and other stagnation in the life of the Institute, which were observed in the 70's - early 80-ies. However, it is clear stagnation nor was absolute, and in a number of issues of university life during that time there have been some successes, as discussed below.

The needs of the national economy led to a further increase in the number of students. For example, in the KPI with branches in all forms of education, it increased from 31,151 in 1971 up to 33,830 in 1975, ie. for 8.6%; the number of full-time students increased from 16 974 to 18 934 people, that is 11.5% of the evening - by 9%, in absentia - by 1.6%.

The main source of replenishment of the institute remained high school, so it the university it was carried out a considerable work on attracting the best prepared young people. To this end, an annual open days were held, during which high school graduates and young workers acquainted with the history and traditions of the KPI and its departments, laboratories and classrooms. There were became traditional annual performances of heads of departments, deans, teachers in schools Institute of Kiev and region with stories about scientific achievements of the KPI.

The job of training courses was improved. First they were created in seven, and from 1974-75 in all faculties. Every year there was an enrollment of up to 3 thousand applicants, mainly on the 8-month courses. To improve the organization of admission to the university experience has been used to attract high school teachers to work in the subject commission [6, p. 34]. In KPI there was a preparatory department, with a constantly growing contingent: if in 1971 there were enrolled 225 people, in 1975 - 520. Much attention was paid to the quality of selectoin, the majority of students were young people, get recommendations, or collective farm enterprises, as well as demobilized from the Soviet Army [7, p. 41].

In accordance with the increasing number of students the issue of graduates was increased too. During the 1971-1975 there were prepared 23 thousand specialists, including full-time students - 13,173, the evening - 4793, correspondence - 5442 people. Note that the number of graduates from full-time has increased by 20.2%, of which in Kiev - 24.2%.

KPI collective carried out a great job of training foreign specialists. In the years 1971 -1975 nearly 400 foreign students received the diploma on 22 specialties, more than 50 people have completed post-graduate studies.

The qualitative composition of the teaching staff significantly improved. If in 1971 the institute employs 69 doctors and 558 candidates, in 1975 -78 and 738. It should be noted that the qualitative growth of the faculty took place on its own base - 60% of the teachers of the highest category (professors, assistant professors) were graduates of KPI .

Considerable attention was paid to the selection of administrative personnel - deans, heads of departments. If in 1971 among deans there were no doctors and professors, then in 1975 from 18 deans of such basic institution there were 8 doctors, ie 40%. In 1975 51 (61.4%) heads of the Departments were Ph.D., professors.

In the early 70-ies Institute brings together 18 departments, preparatory department, two branches in Zhytomyr and Chernihiv, the research sector with the volume of contractual works by more than 13 million rubles., 16 problem and industrial laboratories, experimental plant, repair construction management. To ensure the proper functioning of all services and departments there was a need for a large number of workers. In 1971 there were 4962 of them in basic institutions, and in 1975 - 6394, ie 1.3 times more. The number of employees in a research sector during this period increased from 1383 to 2777, that is, twice, including candidates of sciences - from 69 to 121, ie 1.7 times. There were taking steps to improve the educational process - ensuring the principle of continuity and consistency of learning, improving teaching; development of control system of the current progress of students during the learning process; attracting students to the scientific and research work, and the like. Such measures included compilings for 1971 -1973 new curricula, that should have been fully reflect the achievements of science, engineering and production technology. On the basis of their chairs it was developed the model of the specialist 80s, which included requirements for knowledge, skills required of future graduates in all subjects of the curriculum, as well as forms and methods of their assimilation.

However, this useful work was too formalized, it was not attended the majority of teachers, and not attracted students at all. Curriculum development was introduced by the order, without prior discussion in grassroots units.

Developed curriculum provides them further unification for students I-III courses within the institution, IV course - within the faculty, enhance training in the basic sciences (mathematics, physics, chemistry). Since 1975 for all stationary students the education was carried out on the new individual plans with 56 specialties. During the 1974-75 plans were developed for 25 specialties evening classes, allowing students of evening courses I-II to use them in education.

At the same time, it was increased the economic training of students. To faculty deans and methodical commissions there was instructed to analyze the economic part of the diploma course and special projects to give students with special economic objectives for industrial practice [8, p. 69, 74]. It was slightly increased the level of methodical work. Methodological Council of the Institute, faculty and cathedral methodical commission coordinated educational works at the appropriate levels. In 1974 it was developed a new "Regulations on methodological council KPI", according to which the latter was led by the vice-rector for educational and methodical work and included representatives from various departments, faculties and other structural units. As part of the methodical council KPI consisted of 18 permanent commissions, which included highly qualified and experienced stuff - Professors A.I. Astakhov, P.Y. Ladiev, S.I. Cherkasova, M. Yu. Ierusalimov, A.A. Kvitka, Assoc. A.F. Bogdanov. Members of the Presidium of the Council of the KPI were directly involved in the preparation of work plans and methodical commissions, systematically analyzed the information about the educational process and used it.

It was revitalized the work of departments’ methodological seminars, faculty and Institute’s methodical conferences, topics that cover various aspects of teaching work. It was analyzed the methods of teaching and learning in higher mathematics students I course, the content of economic issues in the courses, which were read; discipline and academic performance of students; etmhodology for laboratory work; sampling and evaluation of its results; organization of independent work of students; the relationship of disciplines in the educational process; programmable control (machine-machine and without); providing students with educational literature and the like. Deliberate and methodical work carried out, in particular, in the departments of descriptive geometry and engineering graphics, general chemistry, electrical measurements, materials and lighting equipment, radio systems and many others.

Based on the results of the research there have been developed recommendations for the implementation of the learning process, there were prepared and published teaching materials and articles, textbooks and manuals. Total over the years the teaching staff have been issued nearly 150 textbooks and manuals, approved in the press and the USSR Ministry of Higher Education of the USSR, 668 guidelines [29]. There were developed new training courses: for example, prof. J. K. Trokhimenko and Assoc. J.S. Kashira compiled the course "Machine circuit design", which from 1972 was read at the Radio Engineering Department. The course influenced the teaching of basic sciences, so in a timely manner on the Radio Engineering Department it have been revised program of training courses in accordance with the requirements of scientific and technological progress. Much attention in this course is given to the general formulation of the problem of designing.

Department of Information and Computer Engineering introduced in the educational process principles of the state to ensure the uniformity of measurements in the country, as well as to implement measures to further improve the reliability of scientific research. At the department it was created educational-methodical laboratory automation of scientific experiments. This was preceded by the publication of the textbook prof. P.P. Ornatsky "Automatic measurement and instrumentation," which in 1973 was awarded the State Prize of the USSR in the field of science and technology.

One characteristic of CPI at that time was the use of TCO. However, we must recognize that the effectiveness of this process remained low: for example, in 1975 only 6% of courses were conducted in such classrooms [24].

In the training process there began to be used computers. The first computer was installed in 1962 at the Faculty of Automation and electrical instrument in a laboratory equipped with computers "Dnepr-21", "Razdan-2", "Mir-1", "Saratov-1". Over the next decade park computers increased to 28 machines and in April 1973 the KPI established the laboratory on the main purpose of which was in the introduction of computer and electronic technology in the educational process. Then it was started a seminar on the use of computers in the learning process, which was attended by 250 teachers of the institute. [25] In 1975 there were in KPI 68 large and medium-sized computers.