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Energy for sustainable development of KPI [integrated University program “Energy for sustainable Development”]


КПІ - 2010. Smart-модуль управління. Енергетика сталого розвитку КПІ

Today almost all the leading countries of the world are developing a fundamentally new ideology of construction and operation of the energy sector with the aim of providing safe, reliable, economically viable and environmentally acceptable energy supplies for consumers. This ideology is based on the Informatization and intellectualization of power plants, wide use of distributed generation, primarily at the level of distribution electric networks of medium and low voltage, creating and leading implementation of energy efficient technologies in generation, storage, distribution of energy, systems of communication and telecommunication, means of control and protection, the formation of a new tariff and regulatory policy.

An important role in improving the situation in the energy sector is dispersed generation, the use of alternative traditional and renewable energy sources. Today, cogeneration plants, wind power, solar collectors and heat pumps are really competitive in comparison with traditional forms of energy supply, characteristics of the costs of their creation and operation have a tendency to decrease, whereas the prices of traditional energy sources of organic origin is constantly growing.

In many countries it uses local energy systems, and have been steadily promoting the use of distributed generation. Effective functioning of such structures requires the creation of a common information environment, common economic interest of all stakeholders and the common ideology of management.

Abroad known, and find their implementation in the daily life of the systems of construction and operation of housing areas: smart home, green house, passive house, which ensure the reduction of energy consumption while improving comfort levels and quality of life through the intellectualization management subsystems of life-support housing; application ecologically of clean energy sources; effective use of non-load-bearing constructions as accumulators of heat/of coolness. The next step in the improvement of power supply systems develop and implement an approach that would simultaneously combine the advantages and minimize the disadvantages of all the above. In many countries are decentralized and local energy systems, and have been steadily promoting the use of distributed generation.

These trends of world energy development have found their echo in the walls “Kiev Polytechnic Institute”.

The decision of the Academic Council of the University on April 6, 2009 and order No. 2-62 from 27 April 2009 launched a Comprehensive program of University “Energy for sustainable development”, by order No. 2-93, dated 25 may 2009 by the Educational-scientific center “Energy for sustainable development”, which is a structural unit consisting of the Department of science and innovation NTUU “KPI”. The center was created to summarize the global and national experience in the development of energy efficient technologies, devices and systems with a view to their implementation to increase the level of energy independence and environmental safety as the scale of an object or group of objects and in the region and the country.

The main activities of the Center:

  • Development of new methods and models:
  • meeting the energy needs of the dispersed industrial objects of energy consumption and/or utility use by introducing smart technology on the basis of distributed power generation with integrated use of traditional and renewable energy sources
  • in the field of design and construction of energy efficient and environmentally friendly industrial facilities, office, educational institutions and comfortable accommodation with self-contained life support systems and recycling of waste
  • optimization of modes of power generation/energy consumption, improve energy efficiency, reduce fossil fuel and emission of harmful substances into the environment.
  • the creation of a demonstration educational and scientific complex advanced energy-efficient technologies.

Six months have passed since the establishment of the NSC “Energy for sustainable development”, and here we have the first results. On the basis of the Institute of energy saving and energy management the laboratory of distributed generation, and December 7, 2009 launched screenerschoice IEE NTUU “KPI”. At the opening screeplots attended the seminar “Advanced Japanese energy saving technologies”, which was organized with the participation of NTUU “KPI” and Ukrainian-Japanese center, the leadership of NTUU “KPI” headed by the rector of N. With. Zgurovsky, Ambassador extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Japan to Ukraine Tadashi Izawa, Director of the project “Ukrasa-Japan center” Osamu Msutang.

Stations dispersed in space and consists of four parts: gas generator parts, what is on the outside from the rear side of the housing, wind / solar parts on the roof of the building, demonstration hall (RM. 111) on the ground floor and control room of micro energy station on the seventh floor (RM. 701). The composition includes electricity generating stations, heat-generating plants, heat storage, electricity and hot water, using solar, wind, biomass and geothermal energy. Micro energy station has backup from a centralized overall network. All plants are integrated into a single system with a single electrical, thermal and information network and are governed from a single center – Smart management module micro energy station. Manage sources and energy storage devices is carried out in automatic mode with the priorities. The potential loss of any source or the appearance of external factors (for example, the time of the change of the tariff plan external grid) leads to automatic reactions and change the active patterns screeplots (sometimes called virtual power plants), implementation of the “energy maneuver”.

The number, variety and total installed power generating plants / accumulation will gradually increase according to the goal - the creation of demonstration educational and scientific complex advanced energy efficient technologies. Speaking on the implementation of projects in real life, for a specific embodiment of the forming structure determination of quantitative and qualitative indicators mikro energy system will be created (according to already developed and protected with patents concept) dispersed energy systems taking into account not only the complex interrelationships of all subsystems life support facility consumption, and exposure to environmental factors (meteorological, geological, hydro-geological features, environmental constraints, etc.), the resource base of the region, the potential of renewable energy sources and energy-consumption guidelines, providing minimal energy consumption and minimal hydrocarbons the impact on the environment.

Power station features :

  • Electric installed capacity of 8 kW;
  • Thermal power 17 kW;
  • Hot water supply of 1.12 m3;
  • Gas supply:
  • The gas generator 5 ... 15 m3 / day;
  • The battery capacity of 9600 Ah;
  • Inverter power 3.5 kW.

Of course, the power station is small and there are not enough for radical change in energy of buildings. But no one in the civilized world can not be surprised of the laboratory of modern energy efficient power plants, such as heat pump, solar collector, wind turbine or anaerobic digester. The point of creating screeplots was to combine in a single system these energy sources of different nature and to practice effective modes of management, although the idea of full energy autonomy corps No. 22 in the future, nobody refused, as nobody refuses full or partial autonomy of the campus NTUU “KPI” with the creation of micro Targeting cells throughout campus and then combine them into resurrect a power plant (RES) technology for Smart grids under single management.

A. V. Prakhovnik, Director of IEE, Professor, M. A. Kovalchuk, associate Professor at IEE

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