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To KPI Military Institute – 90 years: the pages of history and steps in the future


1942. Київське військове училище зв'язку ім. М.І.Калініна

The anniversary is a solemn event in the life of the team and it is especially joyful when it is an important date. The Military Institute of Telecommunication and Informatization of NTUU «KPI», which was reworded with Order of the Red Banner twice, is 90 years at the 1st of march, 2009.  

From Peter I…

The history of constructions and buildings of our university dates begins on the times of the Northern War, when the first draft of the Kiev fortress was created by the order of the Russian Emperor Peter I. In 1835 in the southern outskirts of the Pechersk hills under the leadership of Major General O.Freyman the construction of barracks for two defense battalions began. This building was completing a number of buildings that were put together and connected Vasilyevskivske strengthening with Pechersk citadel, and the barracks adjacent to the cavalry bastion citadel. They were designed to accommodate military educational institution for soldiers' children (the so-called cantonments) and as part of the fortress front. In 1839 the building finally finished. This cantonments' barracks subsequently became the outpost, on the basis of which the military educational institutions of different ages and Ukrainian Governments were formed.

 In the 1st of October (old style), that is October 14 (New Style) in 1865 an infantry Kyiv cadet school was founded by the order of Emperor Olexandr II. Jubilee and patronal festival of the College is  the day of Ever-Virgin Mary. Marching played an important role. A military train made from former pupils, students and seminarians some real cadets in a short period of time, they showed up with a special training, which could not been hidden with civil clothes.  Marching successes was a thing they were proud of. Rotas competed with each other. From the total subjects the law of God, two foreign languages, chemistry, mechanics, analytics and Russian literature were studied. The conversations about discipline, patriotism, homeland, the ability to adequately behave in different situations were organized.

It should be noted that Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Carl, the future Marshal of the Armed Forces of Finland, studied there, and in 1944-1946 he became the President of Republic of Finland. In 1890-1892 the future Chief General of the Volunteer Army A. I. Denikin studied at the military courses of Kiev infantry cadet College. He graduated with honors. In 1920, already being in exile, he recalled courses in Kyiv in his autobiographical work "The Way of a Russian officer".

…to Kruty

Later on the basis of established schools and Constantine military school the first Ukrainian youth military school was founded. This name was given according to the order of the Secretary General of Military Affairs, Symon Petliura. In 20 of November 1917 the School was named after Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky.

In January 1918  the troops of Red Amy threatened to seizure capital of Ukrainian People's Republic. The cadets of the First Ukrainian military cadet school, protecting the Central Council, were actively involved in the battles with the Red Army, especially near Kruty.

The battle on this small railway station began in the morning of January 29th and lasted more than five hours. Nearly 140 boys and sergeants (from 500) died, less than 150 were injured. According to historians, the Red Army and sailors lost in the battle 300 soldiers, more than 1,200 were injured. Large losses angered P. Yehorov, the Red commander, and he ordered to shoot down a half of the prisoners. Among those 28 there were Bozhko-Bozhynskyy, Tarnawsky, Sokolovsky M.Lyzohub, O.Popovych, V.Shulhin, M.Hankevych. Hight school student Pypskyi sang with all the condemneded  to death the anthem "Ukraine is still alive".  The tragic death of the Students Kuren near Kruty remained in the history of Ukraine as a symbol of patriotism and sacrifice in the struggle for its freedom.

In October the 25th, 2007 a decree of the President of Ukraine "On the 90th anniversary of the feat of Kruty Heroes" was issued. With the initiative of our Institute and with the support of the Kyiv city state administration there was decided to honor the heroes by installing a memorial plaque on the building of our institute at Moskovska street, 45/1.

 On the day of memory of heroes Krut - 29 January 2008 – a plaque to celebrate the 90th anniversary of the heroic feat of students who defended the independence of their homeland was created on the building of Military Institute of Telecommunications and Information of "KPI".

Representatives of the KCSA, the public, academia, military and students took part in ceremonies that took place on this occasion.

…and Engineering courses

The official date of the creation of our Institute is considered to be March 1, 1919 - the day of approval of the Military Council of the Republic the project of states of Engineering courses to prepare officers Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army. August the 8th, 1920 Moscow engineering courses arrived and settled in Kyiv Pechersk (then Moskovskaya str., 5 - now Moskovskaya str., 45/1) in former cadet Constantine College (now a Military Institute of Telecommunications and Information NTU "KPI" is located here). Within a short period the personnel of the schools achieved great success in training highly qualified specialists - officers signalers. Those who were enrolled as cadets, were proud and studied persistently.

On December 20th 1926, according the order of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic of the Kyiv a military school was named after M.I.Kalinin. On March th 6th, 1937 it was renamed "Kyiv Military School of Communications named after M.I.Kalinin".

 

 

The Great Patriotic War

At the beginning of World War II there were 4 college cadet battalions: 1st and 2nd  were dealing with the preparation of commanders of military units; the third was preparing the specialists of high-speed letter printing of, usually foreign, communication equipment; the 4th trained technicians of sound film.

In the early summer of 1941 the college was in camps in Brovary forest. With a signal of alarm combat on June 22 a personnel was lined up before the Staff College at 6 o'clock in the morning. Head of College Major General O.V.Afanasiev reported the outbreak of war. Considering the  need to prepare commanders-signalers for the needs of the front. The General Staff of the Red Army in early July 1941 issued a directive to evacuate the school in the hinterland, namely in Krasnoyarsk.

In April 1942 the Red Army General Staff College has set the task - to prepare the girls who joined the ranks of Army to become the front signalers. Many of the girls who were students were from the parts of communication with front. They have participated in the battles against the Nazi invaders and had received  government awards.

Most of girls, accepted to the school, were volunteers. For example, students N. A. Frolova and L. S. Vorobyova graduated Pedagogical Hertsen Institute in Leningrad and  submitted three times to be accepted into the Soviet Army.

Kalinin graduates of pre-war and wartime period showed excellent examples of work on command posts and headquarters, providing troops with unobstructed communication.

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet Council, on the 28th of February 1944, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the school, awarded the College with Order of the Red Banner for outstanding achievements in preparing of officers for parts of Communications and Military Merit to the Fatherland. March 11, 1944 the commander of the Siberian Military District, presented the Order of the Red Banner to College. At the meeting devoted to this event, the order was of Commissar of Defense was read: "…now the College should be called "Kyiv Red Banner School of Communications named after M. I. Kalinin".

Eight alumni were awarded with the highest government awards - the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of Socialist Labor, six of them are immortalized in the Walk of Fame of our institute, they are: H. I. Kornyev, S. F. Protsenko, P. Ye. Strilets, A. I. Yakushev, P. O. Boyko, A. H. Kostikov. M. Ye. Lytvynenko became a complete knight of three Orders of Glory. I. I. Olenych is a hero of socialist labour. Our hearts will always remember the memory of teachers and graduates of our school, who gave their lives defending the freedom and independence of their homeland.

Rebuilding

In 1968 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Soviet Army and Navy, Kyiv Red Banner Higher Military Engineering School of Communications named after M. I. Kalinin was awarded with a second Order of the Red Banner for great achievements in training personnel for the Armed Forces of the USSR.

On 6 of December 1991, the Law "About the Armed Forces of Ukraine" was adopted, and that day became a holiday for the Ukrainian army. On 18 of January 1992 the college personnel took the oath of allegiance to the people of Ukraine.

One of the components of armed forces of Ukraine building was a reformation of military education.  By the decision of the Minister of Defense of Ukraine, this work began with the certification of military educational institutions. In April 1992 the Office of Military Education Commission certified Kyiv Higher Engineering School named after M. I. Kalinin. As a result of the commission work th school was certified as the higher military institution.

On March 23th, 2001 the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine created a Military Institute of Telecommunications and Informatization of the National Technical University of Ukraine "KPI".

Today "KPI" is the largest technical research type university in Ukraine, one of the leading universities in Europe and the world. 8 educational and research centers, 12 research institutes, 14 research centers, design bureaus, 18 departments function at its base. Teaching process is carried out by experienced teachers and renowned scientists of Ukraine, including 10 academicians, 260 professors and doctors of sciences and 1249 candidates.

The University is one of the initiators and direct participant in the reform of higher education, the introduction of grade system, an active supporter of Ukraine's accession to the Bologna Process. Caring for Ukraine's entry into the single European educational space, NTUU "KPI" became the center of the National Information Network of higher educational establishments and institutions. The university successfully cooperates with 91 Technical Universities in 34 countries, is involved in international educational and scientific projects and programs.

Today

A new stage in the life of MITI was the appointment of Head of the Institute a Colonel A. I. Minochkin who, by the Decree of the President of Ukraine №77 from 21 August 2006, was promoted to major general.

After graduating Kyiv Higher Military Engineering School in 1984 with honors, he continued his education in adyunkture, then taught at the Department of ASUV in Kyivv Higher Mlitary Institute of Management and Communication.

For an important personal contribution to the development of education and science of Ukraine, by the President's Ukraine decree, Major General A. I. Minochkin was awarded with the honorary title "Honored Worker of Education of Ukraine."

Research interest of Anatoly Ivanovich is to study problems in network management communications and automated systems for special purposes. As a specialist in field  A. I. Minochkin is appointed as a head of the project management unit in order to create a Unified automated system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. He has 85 publications and has co-authored two textbooks and one textbook stamped with stamp of ME of Ukraine. After defending his doctoral dissertation he published 60 scientific and educational works and 13 methodical which are used studying process.

MITI scientific work is based on the principle of integration of science and education and is implemented through military training through the use of advanced science and technology, its progress and results of research work.

The scientific activity of the Institute is closely connected to the directions of the Signal Corps, further integration into the European higher education space based on the principles of the Bologna process, improvement of training of officers highly qualified personnel.

The research has a crucial role in preparation of high-quality scientific and pedagogical staff. Currently, the institute has experienced both scientific and pedagogical staff. Among them there are 16 doctors, 19 professors, 119 candidates of sciences, 82 associate professors and senior researchers, 7 academicians of the Academy of Sciences branches, three doctoral students, 27 adjunct.

According to the decrees of the President of Ukraine for his significant contribution to the development of military science, engineering and training of the teaching staff for the Armed Forces of Ukraine an honorary titles "Honored Worker of Science of Ukraine" are given to Major General M. I. Naumenko, Colonels H. F. Zaytsev,  V. I. Hostyev, B. M. Herasymov, B. P. Kredentser, O. Y. Matov, V. P. Novikov, L. M. Osynsky; the titles "Honored Worker of Ukraine Education" are given to Lieutenant-General M. I. Neschadym, Colonels M. A. Hmelevskyy, M. B. Nikulin, V. O. Tolalayev, Professor S. N. Filonenko, Y. O. Smyrnov, Associate Professor Yu.I.Pryhodko.

For their scientific research aPh.D., associate professor, colonel M. A. Hmelevskyy was awarded the State Prize of the USSR, Ph.D., professor, colonel A. O. Lipatov was awarded the State Prize of the USSR, and Dr.Tech.Sci., Professor, Major General M. I. Naumenko and Ph.D., professor H. F. Zaytsev were awarded the State Prize of Ukraine in Science and Technology.

The Institute has a leading role in developing research in the introduction of modern management systems and communications. According to the basic research directions of the institution there are 9 research schools recognized in Ukraine and abroad, the leaders of which are: B. P. Kredentser, B. M. Herasymov, V. I. Hostyev, Y. O. Smyrnov, G. F. Zaytsev, V. A. Romanyuk, M. K. Zherdyev, V. O. Ananyin, O. I. Romanov.

Younger Generation

Patriotic component of the educational process in the institute plays an important role in the development of future military officers. In institution the veterans of the Armed Forces and veterans of the Great Patriotic War are highly honored. All significant events both the institutional and at the Pechersk or Solomensky districts are held with the participation of veterans and students of our institution.

The cadets and students participate in the Peter Yatsyk International Ukrainian Language competition for five years. For today the competition is the most mass patriotic-lingual action of young people, which aims to rise the prestige of the Ukrainian language in our country.

In 2008 the second prize was won by 5th year student Olexiy Drahlyuk.

The works about professional and psychological selection and military-professional orientation of young people, particularly the provision of military recruitment, military lyceums, lyceums with intensive military and physical training and individual citizens of Materials billboards on the activities of the Institute, the works about the conditions of admission to the institute are held and the publications in national also there are regional publications etc.

The institute carried out a considerable work on realization of spiritual potential of military men and of physical training of the future officers.

The lectures are held by experienced professionals. The cadets improve their skills in the sports in sections of indoor soccer, volleyball, weight lifting, unarmed combat, athletics.

The traditions of our military educational institution are rich and varied, and its greatest achievements are people who created these traditions, multiplied them, and the current generation of officers is actively implementing them into life.

T. H. Shybitska, Major, Senior Officer of educational work.

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